Sad Indian Ocean? Will Sri Lanka, which stumbled India’s horse, become China’s hard-core friend?

Translated from the Headlines (Toutiao 头条新闻)

Author: Silent Night History(静夜史)

At 10:20 pm on May 21, 1991, the then Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was killed by a bomb by a flower-presenting woman while helping the Indian Unity Communist Party campaign in Tamil Nadu.

The assassination of Rajiv Gandhi was seen by the Indians as an irreversible and huge loss to the Indian nation and nation, so they subsequently held a grand state funeral for Rajiv Gandhi, who was then UN Secretary-General Perez de Querrey. Yar also expressed deep sorrow for the young death of this “outstanding leader” in India.

But everyone on earth knows that the death of Rajiv Gandhi was a direct result of self-inflicted blame. As a country facing Sri Lanka across the sea, although India has been in a mess for decades, and the country is full of contradictions, India has always had no scruples about interfering in the internal affairs of neighboring countries.

After all, long before India’s independence in 1947, the founding prime minister Nehru described the “Indian dream” of “either being impressive or disappearing, and the middle route would not satisfy me.” Since then, India has not only worked hard to restore the territory of British India, but also Give full play to the subjective initiative and make persistent efforts in an attempt to build a “Greater Indian Federation” that encompasses the South Asian subcontinent, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Sri Lanka is naturally doomed.

Compared with other neighboring countries in India, Sri Lanka is not only a veritable island country but also very different in its “source of civilization.”

To put it simply, although as a South Asian country, Sri Lanka has “failed to avoid vulgarity” in the wave of powers dividing the world in modern times, and in particular, it has not escaped the clutches of British colonists. Although under the same cover of the Mi-shaped flag, Sri Lanka was once the “private property” of the British royal family, and the United Kingdom and surrounding land countries were more or less ravaged by the British East India Company and British India.

In the 15th century, due to the Ottoman Empire’s blockade of the Silk Road on land, Western European countries had to go to the sea one after another, thus opening the era of vigorous navigation. The Iberian Peninsula, due to its geographical location adjacent to the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean, the need for capitalist economic development, the strong support of its rulers, and the inheritance of a series of advantages such as the navigation technology of the Arab Empire, finally walked in the forefront of the great voyage.

According to the ruling of the “Papacy Meridian”, Spain colonized the Western Hemisphere, and Portugal continued to march towards the east. In 1521, Portugal was the first colonist to “visit” Sri Lanka.

But with the rise of empires such as the Netherlands and Britain and France, Portugal was soon forced to prosper and decline. In 1656, the Netherlands arrived and occupied Ceylon on the island.

However, the Netherlands, as a business empire, was also short-lived, and Britain and France became the colonial powers that had the last laugh. However, the Seven Years’ War that ended in 1763 and the American War of Independence in 1783 greatly increased the burden on France and eventually led to the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789. As power in Western Europe, the French Revolution quickly formed a spark of fire on the European continent, and the Netherlands, which was connected to the French landscape, was naturally deeply “infected.”

After the Netherlands was affected by the French Revolution, William V fled the United Kingdom, and then France supported the Republic of Batavia in the Netherlands and “accepted” the overseas colonies of the Netherlands, including Ceylon.

Later, in order to avenge, William V formed an alliance with Britain and made the transfer of overseas colonies a condition. Subsequently, the British occupied Colombo in Ceylon in 1796 and signed the Treaty of Amiens with France in 1802, which formally included Ceylon in the possession of the British royal family. Afterward, Britain eliminated the Kandy dynasty, which resisted stubbornly on the island, through two Kandy wars, and finally occupied the whole of Sri Lanka in 1815.

Because the status of the British royal family is undoubtedly higher than that of British India, Sri Lanka has never been above British India. This is also an important factor in Sri Lanka’s disdain for India. It is precise because of the different affiliations and different statuses that British India has always had no ambitions about Sri Lanka.

But who is the third brother? Although the inheritance of British India was almost completely inherited through the partition of India and Pakistan, he was not ashamed of the colonial history for more than 200 years but was proud of it, and even regarded himself as the successor of British India. But for Sri Lanka, India has always had the heart to break the tradition and forge ahead and deny history. This internationally well-known spirit of the old double standard has made Sri Lanka’s already unsafe international environment even worse.

What’s more terrible is that Sri Lanka’s ethnic and religious contradictions, which have been in constant chaos for thousands of years, have also given India, which is near the water, the space to fish in troubled waters.

As the ancient Indian people always attached great importance to the protection of the ecological environment, even if the Khyber Pass was so narrow that it could be “one man will be the gate, one man will not open”, he was still reluctant to build a fortification. So starting from the Aryans, conquerors from all walks of life went south through the Khyber Pass, stacking the ancient Indian civilization into a beautiful and delicious “melaleuca”. The Khyber Pass has also become a prestigious “green print channel” for thousands of years.

And because “wolves came from the north,” the original indigenous Dravidians were forced to migrate south, and some of the Dravidians crossed the ocean to Sri Lanka, and they continued to interbreed with the local indigenous people and eventually formed a monk. Garo people.

After the rise of the Maurya Dynasty, King Ashoka included Sri Lanka in the territory. Although the Sinhalese gave up Brahmanism and converted to Theravada Buddhism, the caste system remained.

Then the Hindu Tamil people invaded Sri Lanka, leading to a thousand-year-old religious confrontation in Sri Lanka.

After the rise of the Arab Empire in the 8th century, a large number of Muslims came to Sri Lanka along with the expansion of the empire, for the Moors.

So far, on the island of Sri Lanka, the Sinhalese who believe in Buddhism, the Tamils ​​who believe in Hinduism and the Moors who believe in Islam have formed a three-legged situation. Although it seems stable, sect conflicts have led to intensified disputes and long-term melee on the small island.

When Portuguese and other Western colonists came in, Catholics and Protestants came from behind, making Sri Lanka’s religious and ethnic issues more complicated.

Therefore, facing Sri Lanka, which is small in size and on the side of the couch, the long-awaited Indian Harazi has already slumped.

As the main ethnic Sinhalese had little achievements in economic development, and the Tamils ​​had been seeking autonomy in the east and north and established the LTTE to fan the flames everywhere, the civil war in Sri Lanka finally officially started in 1983.

Faced with the Tamil people’s struggle for independence and freedom, India was deeply infected, so it involuntarily gave generously to the Tamil people, asking the LTTE for money and guns. And in order to help the LTTE achieve its goal of rebelling as quickly as possible, India has even set up an LTTE training camp on the other side of Sri Lanka to cultivate the LTTE. Although the fighting power of the Indian army has been as sparse as a day for decades, it is more than enough to fan the flames in Sri Lanka.

But for helping, India found a very fatal problem, that is, there are more than 90 million Tamils ​​in India. Do you support the Tamils ​​on the other side to jump up and down, isn’t it just to sample the domestic Tamils ​​on the spot? NS?

So embarrassing India, after a long period of contemplation, creatively put forward the historic decision of “continue to support the Tigers while presiding over mediation.”

The LTTE and the Sri Lankan government forces are very angry about this act of being a player and a referee, being a bitch, and setting up a memorial. Although they are not tolerant of water and fire all year round, they still unanimously told India that I bought a big watch last year.

Seeing that the situation became more and more chaotic and uncontrollable, the Rajiv Gandhi government of India finally made a fist and justice decision. With an order, 100,000 three brothers crossed the ocean and rushed to Sri Lanka. Then they were hit hard by various forces in Sri Lanka. In the end, after three years of tossing, the disgraced Indian army chose to wrap up and leave, and then the LTTE gave Rajiv Gandhi a great gift to “thank” India for its cross-cutting and sent it directly to the West.

The death of Rajiv Gandhi dealt an unprecedented blow to the Gandhi Nehru family, which had been in the Indian political arena for decades, and to some extent became the beginning of its prosperity and decline.

But the problem is that Rajiv Gandhi can “go”, but India will not go, and India is a country with great ambitions.

Because of Britain’s world-renowned partition of India and Pakistan, India and Pakistan have avoided tragic revolutions or wars when they were founded, but the positions of the two countries are quite embarrassing, although they rely on “religion” as the basis. The standard division makes India much larger than Pakistan, but it has to face the embarrassing fate of Pakistan occupying the Indus Valley and the Ganges estuary. And Kashmir, as a Muslim homeland led by Hindus, was regarded as the last “blind box” by the United Kingdom.

Therefore, the partition of India and Pakistan not only caused unprecedented religious flows and turmoil but also directly led to the outbreak of the first India-Pakistan war. Although Pakistan’s strength is far inferior to India, its combat power is half a catty to India’s. India was finally spanked and pissed in 1962 because of its unbridled challenge to its northern neighbors. This war not only discredited India in the international community but also inspired Pakistan and other South Asian countries. Since then, Sino-Pakistani relations have grown rapidly. As it heats up, “double-sided printing (the “printing” means attack India)” is gradually taking shape.

And as countries such as Nepal continue to stop using India as the third brother, the “3D printing” situation is even more innovative. Although India dismembered Pakistan in the Third Indo-Pakistani War in 1971 and annexed Sikkim in 1975, the half-siege of India has basically no room for display, especially the existence of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir, which connected India to Seeking roots and asking ancestors in Central Asia has become an extravagant hope. Although attempting to gain a one-sided advantage with nuclear weapons, Pakistan’s 15-day nuclear “self-help research and development” capability instantly flattened the power gap between India and Pakistan, and India lost its granary as a result.

Therefore, India turned its attention to the ocean. After all, the colonists named the ocean in front of them “Indian Ocean”. Therefore, India has to regard the “Indian Ocean” as the “Ocean of India” without any explanation.

Seeing that India’s maritime ambitions are so urgent, Russia, as India’s half-brother, sees it and is anxious. Think about the friendship of India with colorful clouds coming to “repay the money” after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Russia waved a big hand and said, “As long as it is nine yuan, the aircraft carrier will drive home.” India bought it back at the price of a Baoding donkey meat an aircraft carrier that costs only a few billion dollars in conversion fees.

Russia’s great help, coupled with India’s decades of experience in operating aircraft carriers after World War II, Indian aircraft carriers can indeed walk horizontally, vertically, or even while walking in the Indian Ocean.

Therefore, Sri Lanka is destined to be doomed. However, the unparalleled road, the expansion of India, encountered the more arrogant United States, the existence of the Diego Garcia island military base, directly divided the US power in the Indian Ocean into three, truly “three-to-three” with India.

In front of the US aircraft carrier, it is useless for the Indian aircraft carrier to knock to the bottom of the sea, so Sri Lanka will not become the second place in Sikkim under the nose of the United States.

But the problem is that the United States is not online all year round, and it is never reliable. It counts on the United States to do its own thing. Sri Lanka said that I am not Ukraine or Georgia. Therefore, the great eastern country has always been a flock to Sri Lanka.

In fact, China and Sri Lanka started friendly exchanges as early as more than 1600 years ago. As the only place on the Maritime Silk Road, Sri Lanka, the country of Lions, has always been shining in ancient Chinese books. The famous monk Fa Xian visited here. .

During the Ming Dynasty, the king of a small country in Sri Lanka followed Zheng He’s fleet to the West to visit and study in the Daming High Prison.

After the founding of New China, Sri Lanka recognized New China in January 1950 and established diplomatic relations with New China in 1957.

Before the establishment of diplomatic relations, Sri Lanka signed the Rice Rubber Agreement with New China in 1952, which resolved the urgent needs of New China and laid the foundation for friendly relations between the two countries.

After the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Sri Lanka, the relationship between the two sides has continued to develop. Sri Lanka has played an important role in major issues such as New China’s return to the United Nations and accession to the World Trade Organization. New China has always been an important promoter of Sri Lanka’s economic construction. From Bandaranaike International Conference Center to Hambantota Port, the power of China’s infrastructure has become more and more important.

After supporting the reunification of Sri Lanka, since 2009, China’s loans to Sri Lanka have exceeded 5 billion U.S. dollars, which greatly exceeds that of Japan and India. This is an important factor in Sri Lanka’s post-war reconstruction. And today, more than 90% of large-scale projects and more than 50% of infrastructure projects in Sri Lanka have China busy.

So, in the face of such a large and trustworthy country, will Sri Lanka have an orientation towards the east? From the perspective of Jing Yeshi, Sri Lanka has a heart but is powerless, and although it has dreams, it is difficult to achieve.

Because Sri Lanka is too far away from China and too close to India. As a Pacific coast country, our influence in the Indian Ocean is still insufficient, especially per capita. But India is very close to Sri Lanka, how close is it? Even if you stand at one end of the Pawker Strait, the curry smell on the other side of the three brothers is enough to make people vomit. Although the strength of the Indian army continues to pull the hips, even with the use of biochemical weapons, it can still make Sri Lanka unhappy.

Coupled with the long-term influence of the United Kingdom and India on Sri Lanka, although Sri Lanka has benefited a lot from the Sino-Sri Lanka friendship, it is simply not realistic to truly go all the way to the east.

Moreover, there is still the distortion and slander of the so-called “pearl chain” strategy that the United States has concocted and India waited for Xiaoyao to respond. Sri Lanka still has a long way to go to rise up.

Although the current “Belt and Road” initiative has made Sri Lanka an important node or even a hub in the Indian Ocean, it will take time for Sri Lanka to truly “glow and heat” even when our comprehensive national strength still fails to achieve a decisive advantage.

However, it is believed that with the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, Sri Lanka’s future will inevitably break free from the shackles of India and move towards a truly bright future.

There are many omissions, please correct me.

I am Jing Ye Shi (Silent Night History) and look forward to your attention.