The 9 Sino-Russian fleets passed through Japan! The nearest distance is less than 13 kilometers, China and Russia can also sail freely

Translated from the Headlines (Toutiao 头条新闻)

Author: Bai Yang Observation Room

The news that the Sino-Russian navy joint fleet recently held a large-scale maritime joint military exercise has blown the circle of military fans. The 6-ship formation headed by the 055 Great Destroyer Nanchang Ship sent by the Chinese Navy is magnificent and powerful. It can be said to be on the international stage. It shows the power of the Chinese navy and attracts the world’s attention. At the same time, the specific exercise items, navigation trajectory, location, and other news of the Sino-Russian joint military exercise have also attracted the attention of media from all over the world and the majority of military fans. A piece of the latest news shows that the combined Sino-Russian navy fleet consisting of 9 surface ships has traversed the Japanese mainland strait and was less than 13 kilometers away from the Japanese mainland land. The world has explained one point: the freedom of navigation that the U.S. Navy can do, so can the joint fleet of the Chinese and Russian navies, and not only can it do so, but also in Japan, which is the most important US naval base in the Western Pacific and the headquarters of the Asia-Pacific aircraft carrier. Sailing.

The scene of the Chinese and Russian naval formation passing through the Tsugaru Strait taken by the Japanese, pay attention to the 055 drive marked by the red circle arrow

The Japanese mainland strait that the Chinese-Russian naval formation traversed this time was the Tsugaru Strait, which traversed from west to east from the Sea of ​​Japan all the way to the depths of the central Pacific Ocean. Geographically, the Tsugaru Strait is located between the island of Honshu in Japan and Hokkaido. The width of the strait is extremely narrow. The width of the strait is only 24 kilometers at its narrowest point. It is almost impossible to distinguish with the naked eye on some small-scale maps, such as world maps. clear. Therefore, the joint Chinese-Russian naval fleet crossing the Tsugaru Strait this time created a wonderful intuitive experience. If it were to mark the direction of travel and the crossing of the Sino-Russian combined naval fleet in the form of arrows on a small-scale map. The light straight trajectory looks like a joint Chinese-Russian naval fleet passing directly through the Japanese mainland. As for the Sino-Russian combined naval fleet, why is it reasonable and legal to pass through the Japanese mainland strait, which is only 24 kilometers at its narrowest point, and does not violate any international law and international conventions? I am not afraid that people who are interested will grab the pigtail and make irresponsible remarks. Let’s start slowly. Elaborate.

The Tsugaru Strait is located between Hokkaido and Honshu, Japan, in a special location

First of all, the Tsugaru Strait is one of Japan’s five international straits, all of which belong to Japan’s territorial waters. According to the current Japanese law, the width of the territorial sea is 22 kilometers from the land boundary. If you look at it this way, the Sino-Russian naval fleet crosses the Tsugaru Strait between the two Japanese territories of Honshu and Hokkaido. It is said that it should be illegal, and it is considered to have invaded Japan’s territorial waters. But the crux of the problem is that the Tsugaru Strait and the other four international straits stipulated by the Japanese government have their own particularities. The Japanese government has added special laws for these five international straits in the form of legal supplements, stipulating that a total of five international straits involving Japanese territorial waters, including the Tsugaru Strait, are only 3 nautical miles, or 5.6. Kilometer range. The international strait waters outside this range are all high seas, and any foreign ships passing through these waters can pass freely.

The narrowest part of the Tsugaru Strait is less than 24 kilometers wide, with Hokkaido to the north and Honshu to the south

As for why Japan voluntarily abandons part of its ownership interest in the territorial waters and only retains the actual territorial waters of only 5.6 kilometers, this is mainly inseparable and directly related to Japan as the U.S. Navy’s base camp in the Western Pacific. The aircraft carrier and many other types of ships deployed by the US Navy at the Yokosuka Naval Base in Japan often need to change defenses and move in and out of deployment. Sometimes it is inevitable to cross the Tsugaru Strait in order to cut corners. It is impossible to waste time in Hokkaido. Detour through the north. In order to make the passage of U.S. Navy ships reasonable and legal, the Japanese government added a legal supplement to Japan’s territorial waters law, waived a considerable part of the territorial waters of the five international straits, and designated free access for the U.S. Navy. In the high seas, it is reasonable and legal, and there is no need to notify the Japanese government of the itinerary. Another point involves nuclear weapons. During the Cold War, the United States deployed nuclear weapons to Japan to fight the Soviet Union. This is an open secret today. There is a saying that the Japanese government deliberately shortened the width of the territorial waters and voluntarily gave up the rights of the territorial waters to demarcate the high seas in order to allow US naval ships carrying and equipped with nuclear weapons to pass through the above five international straits without violating the three non-nuclear principles. , For use by the U.S. Navy, the relevant legal supplementary provisions have not been revoked after the end of the Cold War, and have been retained for the U.S. Navy until now.

It was originally a green light for the convenience of the U.S. Navy.

Although the Japanese government has not publicly pointed out which of the above two statements is correct, there is no doubt that Japan has voluntarily renounced a considerable part of its ownership of the territorial waters of the five international straits, including the Tsugaru Strait. This is indeed a contradiction. The U.S. Navy stationed in Japan is inseparable. After all, everyone understands the delicate and special relationship between the U.S. and Japan. Japan took the initiative to give the U.S. troops stationed in Japan the green light, and even if they did not hesitate to amend the law to please the U.S., it was no longer a problem. What’s new, I don’t know how many times I have done it in the past. It is really not a big deal for Japan to give up some territorial waters to the United States. The strait that gave the green light to the US Navy was given a pass by the Chinese and Russian navies. This is probably what the Japanese government did not expect when it added this legal supplement. But since you have demarcated this sea area as the high seas, the passage of the Sino-Russian navy joint fleet is naturally reasonable and legal. The US Navy can navigate freely, and the Chinese and Russian navies can also do the same. It is not the privilege of the US Navy to use international high waters.

The U.S. Navy can navigate freely, and so can the Chinese and Russian navies.

Furthermore, after removing the scope of ownership of the territorial waters declared by Japan in the Tsugaru Strait, when the Sino-Russian combined naval fleet passes through this strait, the closest distance to the Japanese mainland land on the shore is even less than 13 kilometers. This also explains why there are Japanese tourists standing on the edge of the beach, all of which can take telescopes and various shooting equipment with long guns and short cannons to take pictures of the Sino-Russian combined fleet. After all, the recent sea is less than 13 kilometers. The distance is indeed very close. In addition, the local weather is good and the sea visibility is good. Japanese tourists standing on the beach can use the equipment to see the Chinese Navy’s 055 large drive and the other ships of the Sino-Russian Navy Joint Fleet. This is not enough. strange.

The U.S. Navy may “watch” the 055 Great Drive at close range in closer waters, such as the entrance of its own fleet commander.

As for the next exercise plan of the Sino-Russian combined navy fleet, from the current direction of travel, after crossing the Tsugaru Strait, it will head towards the deep waters of the central Pacific from west to east all the way. This is estimated to be similar to the last time the Russian Navy organized ocean-going forces and went to the waters of Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, where the US Navy’s Pacific Fleet Headquarters is located, to conduct live-fire exercises, at least in the same direction. It is also because of the successful test experience that the Russian Navy went to the U.S. Navy’s Pacific Fleet Command to show off its muscles not long ago, so I guess here irresponsibly that maybe it won’t be long before the U.S. Navy will be in command of its own Pacific Fleet. In the waters at the entrance of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, you can appreciate the majestic appearance of the Chinese Navy’s newest main destroyer, the 055 Daxu. At present, this is quite possible, and it only takes a moment to wait and see.