Translated from the Headlines （Toutiao 头条新闻）
Author: International world（国际寰宇）
India, a country with constant internal conflicts.
In April 1967, a peasant armed movement broke out in the Naxalbari area of West Bengal, India, demanding the redistribution of land. Indian officials referred to this faction of rural armed struggle as the Naxalist armed forces based on the location of the incident.
The Naxal factions are not without guiding ideology, and what they advocate is Marxism. Based on this, in April 1969, the Naxal factions merged to form the Communist Party of India (Marxist). However, there are still many differences between the various factions after the merger. In particular, there are many differences in their ways to confront the Indian government. Some believe that a moderate approach should be adopted while negotiating while confronting, and some believe that a radical approach should be adopted. The method of direct armed guerrilla and head-to-head confrontation with the Indian government.
The disunity of thought will inevitably lead to division. In just three years, the leader of the CPI (Marx), Chalu Mazonda, passed away. This made the divided CPI (Marx) group of dragons without a leader, and the division further intensified.
Since their activities are in remote and backward rural areas, and the Indian government has not attacked them much, this has made the CPI (Malaysia) continue to develop, even if it splits into different factions, they have always been in growth. After all, in the backward rural areas of India, the people are extremely dissatisfied with what the Indian government does, especially the low status of women, and the “equality between men and women” advocated by the CPI is also recognized by most women, so they are extremely supportive of the CPI.
In the course of years of development and growth, 20 of India’s 28 states have been rebels of the Communist Party of India (Malaysia). There are about 50,000 members, of which 20,000 are armed personnel. This has gradually become A force that the Indian government cannot ignore. The main activities of the Communist Party of India (Malaysia) are in the rural underdeveloped areas in the central and eastern regions, and it controls the “Red Corridor” with an area of 92,000 square kilometers.
After entering the 21st century, the domestic and international situation has changed, and the pressure on the domestic peasant movement in India has gradually increased. At this time, the major parties split by the Indian Communist Party (Marxist) all hope to re-merge to lead the peasant movement out of its trough. In this context, in September 2004, the Communist Party of India (Maoist) was formally established, that is, the Communist Party of India’s Maoist faction, with Janapati acting as the general secretary.
The reason why they call themselves the Maoists of the Communist Party of India is mainly because their backbones admire China’s great leader Chairman Mao, so they claim to be an organization that “takes Mao Zedong Thought as a guide to fight for land and work for the poor.” So they vigorously promoted himself as a Maoist organization.
In fact, the relationship between the Maoists of the Communist Party of India and the great leader of China, Chairman Mao, is purely wishful thinking, and what they do has nothing to do with China!
The Maoists of the Communist Party of India are developing rapidly. In just two years, the sphere of influence of the Maoists of the Communist Party of India has rapidly expanded to more than 170 regions across India. Called the “Red Corridor”, the Maoists of the Communist Party of India are powerful and frequent activities in this area.
The Maoists of the Communist Party of India combined the terrain of India to give full play to the characteristics of guerrilla warfare. They adopted the tactics of “the enemy advances and we retreat, and the enemy retreats and we chase” to engage in long-term dealings with the Indian government forces in the mountains and forests. It was their flexible operations that made it difficult for the Indian government forces to completely eliminate them. On the contrary, under their magical assault, the Indian government forces were cast in a psychological shadow.
On April 3, 2021, when the Indian government forces faced the Maoist guerrillas of the Communist Party of India, they suffered a humiliating defeat. This stimulated the sensitive nerves of the Indian government, so they took further measures and decided to concentrate their efforts. Deal with the Maoist armed forces of the Communist Party of India.
On April 3, the Indian government forces received information in advance that there was a guerrilla base in Chhattisgarh, so they decided to make a surprise attack on this base and then wiped out their main forces.
The preparations of the Indian government forces are quite complete. They dispatched 2,000 soldiers, fully equipped, and used drones and helicopters to cover the base area. However, they underestimated the strength of the guerrillas.
After the Indian government troops entered the pre-determined location, they encountered three pincer attacks from more than 400 guerrillas before they could be deployed in the future. It turned out that the guerrillas had already discovered the whereabouts of the government forces. They decided to act first, use heavy firepower to suppress the helicopters, and then intersperse and encircle, directly causing the 2,000 soldiers to completely mess around.
The sudden attack of the guerrillas caused the government forces to be dizzy. They couldn’t resist the firepower of the guerrillas. In the end, 23 soldiers were killed in the battle, including the commander.
Under normal circumstances, 2,000 soldiers dealt with 400 guerrillas, and they were completely in a dominant position, but they were beaten to a waste of water, which simply lost the face of the government army to the grandmother’s house.
The Indian government is extremely angry about this, but they also realize that the guerrillas have become India’s confidant, and their response strategy is not clear. If an army is sent to force an encirclement and suppression, according to the urinary nature of the Indian army, they may not be able to defeat the guerrilla. In this regard, the Indian high-level officials are also weighing, but they can’t publicly confide it.
However, the following actions of the Maoist guerrillas of the Communist Party of India made the Indian government even more worried.
In mid-July, the Indian military and police in Jharkhand obtained an internal document of the guerrillas, which was 14 pages long, but showed the next “big move” of the guerrillas.
It turned out that the main armed forces of the Communist Party of India in a base area in the south of Chhattisgarh planned to implement a large-scale breakthrough, move north along the mountainous and forested areas of Chhattisgarh, and set up in Jharkhand and Bihar. New base area. The length of the entire route is more than 1,000 kilometers, and there are military and police blockades on the way.
This “big move” of the Maoist guerrillas of the Communist Party of India completely shocked the high level of the Indian government. If the guerrillas are allowed to move, their power will inevitably expand, and it will be more difficult for the government forces to eliminate them. Moreover, the Maoists of the Communist Party of India have always united the poor to resist the Indian government. If their power shifts and they continue to mobilize the masses, it is very likely that the stability of the Indian government will be shaken. Therefore, the characteristics displayed by the Maoists of the Communist Party of India forced the Indian government to take measures.
As a result, the top level of the Indian government launched an action and decided to divide the troops into 24 routes and make every effort to eliminate the Maoist guerrillas of the CPI before the end of this year.
In fact, it is not the first time for the Indian government to suppress the Maoist guerrillas of the Communist Party of India. As early as 3 years ago, the Indian government army also sent a strong team to eliminate the guerrillas. The leader was arrested, the number of personnel dropped to 6,000, and the area of activity dropped sharply. It can be said that the guerrillas were in danger at the time and faced a desperate situation. However, the Indian government troops did not take advantage of the victory to clear them out. This gave the Maoist guerrillas a chance to breathe, and then they escaped from the dead and turned the situation around. In just three years, it has become the number one threat to the Indian government.
Nowadays, the combat methods of the Maoist armed forces are also improving. They use drones to monitor government forces, master their every move, and recruit through the Internet. The improvement of these methods has also rapidly increased the strength of the Maoist armed forces.
Nowadays, the senior officials of the Indian federal government have determined that they will establish 24 forward operating bases by the end of this year. Their main task is to resolutely implement the plan to suppress the Maoist guerrillas of the CPI.
The main reason why India is decentralized is that the base areas of the Maoist guerrillas of the Communist Party of India are also scattered. Therefore, the deployment of India is mainly based on the scope of activities of the guerrillas. Of these 24 forward bases, 10 are located at the core of the guerrillas. Among the active areas in Chhattisgarh, 7 are in Maharashtra, 6 are in Jharkhand, and 1 is in Odisha. Obviously, the Indian government just wanted to defeat these guerrillas, and this time it was really moving.
Now that India has prepared its combat plans and has begun to build forward bases, it can be said that when the construction of the bases is completed, the Indian government forces will launch military operations. In terms of military strength, the Indian government forces certainly have an advantage, but in fact, India still has a lot of pressure.
On the one hand, the strength of the Maoist guerrillas of the CPI cannot be underestimated.
After three years of recovery, the Maoists of the Communist Party of India are more powerful than they were three years ago, and their weapons and equipment have also been supplemented, which makes them dared to compete head-on with the Indian government forces. Moreover, the Maoists of the Communist Party of India are now even more supported by the poor people. Their dissatisfaction with the Indian government has been revealed. Therefore, they will go all out to support the guerrillas.
Besides, guerrillas are good at using the terrain of mountains and forests to fight in these places. They can be far more flexible and good at attacking than government forces. In the mountains and forests, they can also cover themselves. Sudden attacks from time to time are expected to put the Indian government forces under control.
On the other hand, the morale of the Indian government has been hit.
Since the beginning of this year, the Indian government forces have stumbled in front of the guerrillas and suffered heavy losses. This has also made the Indian government forces fearful of the guerrillas. As we all know, the Indian government forces are good at flaunting their might. If they really want to fight, their combat effectiveness can only be said to be average. And they are leading the country’s salary, but the guerrillas are selling their lives. In such a comparison, they lack strong cohesion. In the face of the guerrillas who are desperate for their lives, it is estimated that the government forces will escape faster than they charge!
Therefore, the Indian government is now building momentum for the division of troops to encircle and suppress the guerrillas. In fact, this is also a manifestation of their timidity. India’s vain attempt to pressure the guerrillas in this way can only be said to be unrealistic.
Next, the pressure facing India will further increase. They have always liked to put pressure on neighboring countries, but they are facing internal disputes. This is enough for the Indian government to drink a pot!
In fact, the Maoists of the Communist Party of India are also a very resilient organization. It has quickly grown from a small fragmented role to the number one enemy of the Indian government. The speed of its development is jaw-dropping. As a big country in South Asia, India has always tried to dominate the South Asian subcontinent, but in the face of the continuous rise of domestic opposition, they can only watch the continuous growth of the Maoists of the Communist Party of India!
So, why can the Maoists of the CPI be able to rapidly grow as a force that makes India particularly jealous?
First, the poverty situation in India makes the people extremely dissatisfied.
In itself, India is a country with a huge gap between the rich and the poor, and the caste system has made it difficult for many poor people to stand up. Most of these poor people live in remote rural areas.
In India, the five states where the Maoists of the CPI are influential are Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. All of these five states are extremely backward states in India. . According to statistics, in these five states, 40% of the population lives below the poverty line. It is precise because of being too poor and India has no solution, the common people are facing severe pressure to survive. In order to survive, they have to join the Maoists of the Communist Party of India and provide sufficient reserve personnel for the Maoists of the Communist Party of China. Therefore, there are certain objective conditions for the growth of the Maoists of the CPI.
Second, the contradictions brought about by the caste system are particularly prominent.
The caste system in India is one of the shackles that affect the development of India. People with low castes can’t turn up for a lifetime, and people with high castes are born to be superior. Obviously, this is extremely unreasonable. It can be said that the Indian caste system not only seriously hinders social progress but also makes social contradictions extremely sharp. Nehru once criticized: “In today’s social organizations, the caste system and many related things are completely inconsistent, reactionary, restrictive, and an obstacle to progress.”
However, it is stronger than Nehru to change this bad habit in India. Nowadays, there are still many low-caste people who can only survive at the bottom. They suffer from this, but they cannot get rid of it.
However, the Maoists of the CPI have always been firmly opposed to the caste system and advocated equality for all. This is tantamount to the gospel to the people at the bottom, so they will join the Maoists of the CPI. It can be said that this move by the Maoists of the Communist Party of India is also a humiliation to the inaction of the Indian government.
Third, the police force of the Indian government is insufficient and the quality is still very poor.
The main scope of activities of the CPI Maoists is in remote mountains and dense forests, where there are sparsely populated people and the government is beyond reach. However, the CPI Maoists use this as a base and are supported by many poor people.
In backward areas, the deployment of police forces must be relatively reduced. Therefore, in the main areas of the Maoists of the Communist Party of India, the conditions of the police stations set up by the Indian government are very bad. Relatively backward, many police officers do not even have guns for self-defense. In this situation, the police station is completely useless to the CPI Maoists. In the face of a few policemen with insufficient weapons and equipment, the CPI Maoists can still deal with it easily.
Not only that, the police government in India is very poor. Many policemen are addicted to alcohol and do not pay attention to the improvement of their professional capabilities. Some policemen even do not even know some basic routine operations. How can this kind of police form an effective deterrent against the Maoists of the Communist Party of India?
Therefore, the overall environment of India has also contributed to the development of the CPI Maoists. After all, they are quite viable in this environment. Even if India wants to send 24 troops to encircle and suppress the CCP Maoists, it is estimated that it will be difficult to completely guerrilla the CPI Maoists. The team was thoroughly cleaned up, and this India operation is very likely to be surface work greater than actual results.
Of course, many people will have a question, is there any relationship between the Maoists of the Communist Party of India and China?
In fact, in 2005, the Chinese ambassador to India Sun Yuxi publicly stated: “We don’t know why these armed groups misappropriated the Chinese leader Mao Zedong’s name? And we don’t like it. We can’t do anything for them to call themselves that way. But China has never had any relationship with them, and no organization or group in China has any contact with them.”
China’s attitude is very clear. The Indian Communist Party Maoists have nothing to do with us, and the Indian government has absolutely no need to think about it.
It can only be said that the Maoists of the Communist Party of India have been particularly frightened in India. After all, their armed forces have threatened the security of the Indian government. If this situation is allowed to develop, the Indian government may indeed be subject to variables.
However, the formation of all this situation was caused by the Indian government itself. India has a lot of problems but has always wanted to dominate the South Asian subcontinent. Instead of continuously expanding abroad and consuming a lot of financial and material resources, it is better to improve people’s livelihood. After all, India’s domestic contradictions are too prominent, which directly restricts India’s development.
India’s deployment of 24 troops to encircle and suppress the Maoists of the CPI is actually a stumbling block. It is impossible to fundamentally solve the problem of Indian civil strife. If it is to fundamentally solve the problem, it must also solve the problem of the survival of the poor people. As long as the people agree with what the Indian government is doing, internal conflicts will inevitably decrease a lot.
However, India can only treat the head and feet, and the problems they face are too many. Moreover, India has always had a good eye and a low hand. It has always wanted to stand out in the international arena, so it does everything possible to put pressure on neighboring countries, which eventually leads to neighboring countries. Constantly deviating from it, this is to steal the chicken and not lose the rice. Of course, all of this is also India’s own responsibility.
Next, India will invest a lot of energy in suppressing the Maoists of the Communist Party of India. This action will certainly attract enough attention in India, but the combat effectiveness of the Indian government forces cannot be guaranteed, so the final results are hard to say.
Of course, India also uses this kind of fanfare action to divert domestic attention, so as to let the people see the government’s “hard work” behavior. This is also a manifestation of the Indian government’s support rate of the people, but this behavior is also self-deception.
India is now ready to go. Anyway, the slogan has been shouted out and the momentum has been created. As for the strength of the Indian government army, it will be tested by the guerrillas! However, the Indian government needs to figure out the excuses. In case the guerrillas can’t repair the North, the Indian government needs to do everything possible to save the respect! Of course, India is very professional in finding excuses, and it is estimated that it will not disappoint.
Next, the Indian drama is about to start, as for what the outcome will be, then wait and see!
Insist on originality, I am the international world, welcome to pay attention!